human trafficking in naples, italy

Officers then detained a 33-year-old woman and a 21-year-old man on suspicion of being involved in human trafficking and sexual exploitation. However, the Camorra is interested in human trafficking especially with regard to the prostitution of young girls from Central Africa.” To those living in poverty, unable to get work or integrate with the community they have found themselves in, selling ones soul to organised crime may seem like a … Those turned down are easy bait for criminal gangs working inside the camps, who get paid for providing mafia groups with illegal cheap labour, running drugs and arms or working in the many industries those groups have infiltrated. I asked her if she knew that a lot of girls like her ended up as sex workers. A UN expert on human trafficking has called on Italy to do more to confront the problem. Some of the villas are burnt out, and others are missing windows or doors. The fight against trafficking in human beings is one of Italy’s key priorities within the framework of the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Th… oy, a young Nigerian woman, was standing in the street outside the sprawling, overcrowded Cara di Mineo reception centre for asylum seekers in central Sicily, waiting for someone to pick her up when I met her. The incentive to return each night runs beyond food and shelter. Many of the trafficked Nigerian women end up in Castel Volturno, outside Naples, known as the most lawless part of Italy. “The crimes continue to get more violent, and the growing disregard for life is a clear sign of a deteriorating situation.”. Ghosts of the centre’s former life remain. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for forcible sexual assault. P.I. Maria Licciardi is an Italian criminal affiliated with the Camorra, head of the Licciardi clan, and one of the bosses of the Secondigliano Alliance. At the time, she was just one of so many young women I saw sliding into the abyss. The criminal gang is alleged to have managed the Among those arrested were Nigerian women who worked with what were termed “connection men” inside the camp. Licciardi was referred to as La Madrina by fellow Camorristi and earned the nickname La Piccolina early on in her criminal career, due to her diminutive … Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. I wrote back to console her, telling her not to worry, that many women fell into the same trap. In March 2017, in an. “I was so stupid,” she wrote. Nigerian women working as prostitutes in Turin, Italy. In total, we reached almost 2,000,000 people in these locations. She had no papers or passport. If we assume half of the estimated 11,000 Nigerian girls who came to Italy in 2016 generated €60,000 each through debt bondage for the madams’ gangs, the profits off those girls alone would top €300m (£264m), even after their travel costs are deducted. and Italy and exploiting prostitution in Naples. A seafront sprawl 30 miles (48 km) north of Naples, the ramshackle town began life in the Etruscan age - before the Roman empire - and was a popular summer playground for Neapolitans during the 1970s. Were they in on it?” There are still many unanswered questions, but many lessons learned. Administrators in some centres are accused of taking kickbacks for selling personal details of asylum seekers who have escaped to smaller centres (some of whom don’t exist). After an appalling journey, via Tripoli, which took nearly three weeks, Joy arrived at the port of Augusta on Sicily’s east coast. On Friday (November 13), eight migrants of non-EU origin including three minors and one woman were discovered inside the refrigerated compartment of a lorry that was transiting through Italy's southern Campania region near Naples. Mount Etna, and its steady stream of smoke, is clearly visible in the distance. “Naples has a very high (rate) of human trafficking,” said Teig. A seafront sprawl 30 miles (48 km) north of Naples, the ramshackle town began life in the Etruscan age - before the Roman empire - and was a popular summer playground for Neapolitans during the 1970s. The group, which prosecutors defined as a mafia-style association, had siphoned off millions of euros intended to fund public services. “It was the kind of food we usually give to pigs.” The local mafia had set up shell companies that were being paid to provide services including feeding the migrants. There are other incidentals, including room, board, clothing and rent for the space on the pavement from which they solicit sex. The playground equipment scattered throughout the compound is rusty and in disrepair, now mostly used by men in their 20s who sit on the swings and lie on the slides, whiling away the long hours. Others are provided with false personal details that they are told to use for their applications. “Do you have any idea how much I earn on immigrants?” he was heard telling an associate. “There was a group of men standing there watching this. “This sort of violence will become the norm if you continue to operate a community-based asylum centre with nearly 4,000 people,” he warned. African migrants first started coming to the area in large numbers in the 1980s, to work in the tomato fields for low wages. Roadmap to Hell: Sex Drugs and Guns on the Mafia Coast by Barbie Latza Nadeau is published by Oneworld. There is no cleaning service other than in the administrative and kitchen areas. The vehicle had come from Bulgaria and arrived in Italy via Greece. Conzo and his men discovered a huge human-trafficking and drugs-smuggling Nigerian ring in the area of Naples and Castel Volturno. If we assume half of the estimated 11,000 Nigerian girls who came to Italy in 2016 generated €60,000 each through debt bondage for the madams’ gangs, the profits off those girls alone would top €300m (£264m), even after their travel costs are deducted. It is suspected that they were running an international operation that involved trafficking young girls from Nigeria and forcing them into prostitution in Italy. The charges against him have since been reduced to aggravated fraud and corruption. When Joy turned 16, she went through a ceremony that bound her to the maman by a curse: if she disobeyed the maman, her family would die. The men raped her as a warning – a typical punishment in sex trafficking. She said she was 18, but looked much younger. Six of the suspects are Albanian nationals and one Italian. Most migrants live in another former military residential development, now dilapidated and controlled by the Camorra, who charge rent to squatters and trafficked women. When the gangs discovered there was a demand, madams recruited more women from Nigeria to the area. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, human trafficking in Italy is the third source of income for criminal organizations, after arms and drugs trade. The women were brought to Italy from Albania, often The Camorra in Italy. Whatever way you want you can support and care for orphan kids education about human trafficking, transitional homes and training for orphans and foster children who have aged out of care. Pipeline: Photo essay shows human trafficking in Italy. Many of the trafficked Nigerian women end up in Castel Volturno, outside Naples, known as the most lawless part of Italy. The Ministry of Interior is in the plan… “The big crimes get reported, but the smaller ones are usually handled among the residents.”. Most of the trafficked women end up with fake documents provided by Italian organised-crime groups. Italy is one of the main destination countries for trafficked men, women and children. “They’re more profitable than drugs.” Buzzi and his associates were sentenced to decades in prison after a trial that ended in 2017, although their sentences were reduced on appeal. But often, before they can obtain legal status, they are claimed by the criminal underworld. They were rarely hired for farm work, so many had no choice but to prostitute themselves. Every year at Cara di Mineo, on average, 10 migrants die while waiting for their asylum requests to be heard, killed in fights or dying from untreated medical conditions, according to Amnesty International and other aid groups that operate in the centre. As we spoke, a dark car came into view and she took a couple of steps away from me to make sure whoever was driving saw her, and saw that she was alone. The camp’s director, Sebastiano Maccarrone, admitted in a series of media interviews in early 2016 that it was virtually impossible to protect the inhabitants. TRAFFICKING PROFILE As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. After three days, a man Joy didn’t recognise came to find her in the camp and told her she was to wait at a roundabout down the road from the entrance every morning, and eventually someone would come for her. Another big money spinner for the Camorra is the drug trade. Many of those first prostitutes eventually became madams, controlled by Nigerian drug-smuggling gangs, who had to pay protection money to the Camorra to operate on their territory. Still, dozens of people disappear each month, quickly replaced by new arrivals from Sicily’s ports. he complex that houses Cara di Mineo was built in 2005 by the Pizzarotti Company of Parma, which is still the primary contractor for US defence logistics in Italy. 228 of 11 August 2003 entitled “Measures against trafficking in persons” and on Article 18 of Legislative Decree 286 of 1998 (Immigration law). Those with documents were taken to a large tent lined with army cots. (The investigation is ongoing, and no trial date has been set. In this context, Cara stands for centro di accoglienza per richiedenti asilo, or asylum seekers reception centre; cara also means “dear” in Italian, but Mineo is not a place that makes people who have risked everything for a new chance at life feel cherished. More than 80% of women brought to Europe from Nigeria are unknowingly “sponsored” by sex traffickers who have paid for their journey, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe. In December 2016, four Nigerian asylum seekers were arrested in Cara di Mineo, accused of drugging and raping a female resident. Last year, Catania’s chief prosecutor, Carmelo Zuccaro, tried to make it illegal for NGO charity ships to rescue migrants at sea and bring them to Italian shores. The villas are falling apart, and the migrants are left to do what they can to take care of maintenance with scant tools. Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to labor trafficking. igerian girls who are trafficked directly to madams in Naples and elsewhere are forced to do sex work to pay off large debts. ROME --Precious survived a trip across North Africa and two sinking boats before making it to Italy, ... Organization for Migration's 2017 report on human trafficking. In 2017, anti-mafia police arrested 68 people, including the local parish priest, in the Calabrian town of Isola di Capo Rizzuto, where one of the country’s largest migrant and refugee reception centres has been in operation for more than a decade. The conditions are deplorable. Many of those trafficked for sex slavery are assured by their “sponsors” that they will take care of getting the necessary documents for them once they leave the centres. An Italian court has sentenced a Romanian man to 20 years in prison for human trafficking after a Guardian investigation revealed that thousands of women from Romania were being raped and used as forced labour on farms in Sicily. Human trafficking, also called trafficking in persons, form of modern-day slavery involving the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for the purpose of labour, sexual exploitation, or activities in which others benefit financially.Human trafficking is a global problem affecting people of all ages. Later I would regret not trying to warn her in a more concrete way. The group had also infiltrated asylum centres across the country, buying and selling names and details of migrants who had long disappeared, in order to keep the per-person state funding coming. She wrote again. In three months, the centre’s doctors performed 32 abortions on migrants – an increase of more than 200% on the year before. How could I have been so dumb?”. ast year, Catania’s chief prosecutor, Carmelo Zuccaro, tried to make it illegal for NGO charity ships to rescue migrants at sea and bring them to Italian shores. The road that connects the Italian capital of Rome to Naples was first built almost 2,000 years ago. During the investigation, an undercover police officer was tipped off by one of the aid agencies working in Cara di Mineo, and picked Joy up on the road leading through the citrus groves. The UN's International Organisation for Migration estimates 80 per cent of the Nigerian women and girls arriving by sea are likely to be victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Italy. “How could I have been so trusting? It was at that roundabout that I met Joy. She was wearing a faded denim jacket over a crisp white T-shirt and tight jeans, and six or seven strings of colourful beads were wrapped around her neck. (ANSA) - Naples, June 30 - Police on Tuesday arrested seven people allegedly involved in human trafficking between Albania and Italy and exploiting prostitution in Naples. Murder rates are the highest in the country, and locals call it Beirut, or the Bronx. But Verzera says he found that migrants who had been gone for months were kept on the list for financial support. Trafficked women working as prostitutes near Turin. As reported over the past five years, Italy is a destination, transit, and source country for women, children, and men subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Local farmers come in pick-up trucks, looking for i neri (“the blacks”), choosing the biggest and strongest for casual labour, harvesting tomatoes and citrus fruits. Human trafficking and modern slavery are global issues. The recreation room is now a makeshift school, and offices have become dormitories. The stench of sewage permeates the grounds, attracting rodents and insects. Experts believe the overall number of trafficking victims in Italy is increasing due to the dramatic rise in migrants and asylum seekers arriving by boat escaping war and oppressive political, social, or economic conditions. Why didn’t you tell me what was going to happen?”. The authorities concluded that this was due to an increase in prostitution, along with a lack of birth control options. Most of them had come to Italy to work in hair salons, and all had contact numbers to call. A gold chain hung from her left wrist, a gift from her mother. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit foreign victims in Italy. Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to labor trafficking. The state funds these centres by giving them a sum of money for each asylum seeker, but many of them cut corners on food and other amenities, and pocket the profits. Joy’s bus headed to the Cara di Mineo migrant camp, one of the biggest in Europe. Under the new strategy for the prevention of and fight against trafficking in human beings in 2012-2016, and bearing in mind the priorities set for the 2014-2017 policy cycle, the Italian Presidency stimulates the development of coherent action to combat … Indeed, the Camorra-ravaged suburbs of Secondigliano and Scampia in northern Naples have the dubious claim of being Europe's largest open-air drug market, supplying addicts from across the country with cheap, low-grade heroin and cocaine. IT00876481003 - © Copyright ANSA - All rights reserved, ANSA certification for the production, distribution and publication of news in multimedia format, COVID-19: 477 more deaths in 24 hours, 16,146 new cases, One million vaccinations done in Italy says Conte, Bank of Italy cuts 2021 growth forecast to 3.5%, COVID: Risk of uncontrolled epidemic has risen says ISS, ++ Most of Italy set to be an orange zone ++, Cinema: Bong Joon-ho to be president of Venice jury, Almost all of Italy set to be an orange zone. Realising she was being put to work as a prostitute, she had refused to leave the camp. She was wearing a faded denim jacket over a crisp white T-shirt and tight jeans, and six or seven strings of colourful beads were wrapped around her neck. She was one of the most powerful bosses of the Camorra in the city of Naples from 1993 until her arrest in 2001. It was late summer 2016, and the weather was still hot. Before they’ve even started work, they will owe around €60,000 (£53,000). 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