musk deer natural habitat

Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is considered endangered by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and is under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, because of its illicit hunting for musk as well as habitat loss. The study also deals with other related evidences found in the study area. XIUXIANG MENG, 1 * DEGUANG LIU, 2 JINCHAO FENG, 1 ZHIBIN MENG 3. To quantify musk deer habitat correlates, we used observational spatial data based on presence-absence of musk deer latrines, as well as a range of fine spatial-scale ecological covariates. Musk deer (Moschus spp.) In our study, BCAMD is located in the natural habitat of wild Alpine musk deer and undergoes seasonal climatic patterns also, which remain relatively constant interannually . It is essential to hire the local guide with the keen acumen by the one wishing to have a glimpse of the musk deer in natural habitat. The construction of wildlife nature reserves needs to be further strengthened to protect the existing and potential habitats of musk deer in these simulated climatically suitable areas. The widespread hunting of the musk deer for its musk has resulted in striking decline in its population. Unlike other deer species, the male Siberian musk deer do not have antlers but … At night, musk deer can be seen in the open areas of their habitat as they graze, while during the day, they remain in dense cover. Musk Deer Gland. The rear side is small and arched which aids them to organize the jumps. The hind limbs are muscular and long and the forelimbs are weak and thin. Threats: While habitat destruction poses a threat to musk deer populations, large-scale illegal hunting to meet commercial demand for the scent gland or “pod” of the male musk deer is believed to be responsible for dramatic declines in some musk deer populations at the end of this century. Questionnaire survey provides the additional information regarding its threats and conservation. 3. S athyakumar, S., P rasad, S.N., W alker, S., 1993. In China, musk deer farming and extracting musk from the captive musk deer have been reasonably successful since the early 1950s. With a kangaroo-like face, long, muscular hind legs, shorter and weaker forelimbs, small chest, highly arched back, and large rear, these animals move in a sequence of coordinated jumps. The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Hispid hare/ Assam rabbit (Caprolagus hispidus) Habitat: Southern foothills of the central Himalayas. replace natural musk in traditional Asian medicine and protect natural . Moreover, presence and absence of livestock was not found to have any significant effect on the habitat section of musk deer suggesting the selection as an evolutionary adaptation rather than an outcome of interspecific interactions with the livestock. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23: 1366–1369. Himalayan / White-bellied Musk Deer. Habitat utilization of Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) in the Musk Deer National Park Guraiz, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Indian musk deer doesn't possess any antlers. A musk pod yields about 25 grams of the brown waxy substance. Results found that elevation, aspect, canopy-cover, and tree species significantly affected the habitat selection of musk deer. Habitat: Kashmir, Kumaon and Sikkim. In the warmer summers, they move down into river valleys and wetter habitats. spring) originating from the natural habitat of wild musk deer. We look forward to following him on his journey as he works to prevent local extinction of the alpine musk deer in Western Bhutan.” Phuntsho is among six conservationists to receive 2020 Whitley Awards to support their work to conserve some of the planet’s most endangered species and spectacular natural habitats. In sub-alpine zone, only six Musk deer were located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par. Nevertheless, relatively low survival and reproduction rates of deer meant that farms regularly required replenishment with wild deer. It mainly deals with types of fecal deposits, distribution of those deposits in different topography and forests. At the same time, legislation should be strengthened to stop poaching, vigorous action needs to be taken against poachers and musk smugglers, and the laws against offenders need to be enforced. The coat has short and soft hair with yellowish or white spots over the body. However, musk deer establish and repeatedly use the same latrines for defecation. Deer Natural Habitat. The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. Siberian musk deer, one of the seven species, is distributed in coniferous forests of Asia. The rump and buttocks are dark. blocks in the habitat for the status and habitat utilization of musk deer in LNP. Major food plants include Chinese sumac (Rhus spec., Anacardiaceae), bitterwood (Picrasma spec., Simaroubaceae), elm (Ulmus pumila), as well as some supplementary food, consisting of flour, wheat bran and some vegetables of the season. The musk gland of the musk deer is located in the back is the high price. In the currently established reserves, the management of musk deer should be enhanced. These large mammals live in just a few habitats, all of which are within the Arctic Circle. At present, this species is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Conservation Status of Musk Deer. Population size of musk deer has dropped significantly due to historical over-hunting and loss or degradation of their habitat. The pod is located in the preputial region near the genitals of the male deer. populations of musk deer. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), one kilogram of musk can fetch US $45,000 in the international market. Hog deer. This species was originally described as a subspecies to the alpine musk deer, but is now classified as a separate species.The deer stand at 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, and only males have tusks and … Musk deer (Moschus spp, family Moschidae) are an economically important and highly endangered taxon.All seven musk deer species are considered Endangered on the IUCN Red List except for M. moschiferus which is Vulnerable (Nyambayar et al., 2008, Timmins and Duckworth, 2008, Wang and Harris, 2008).Musk deer are distributed from the Arctic Circle in Russia to south and … They roam along the Arctic Tundra, and their exact habitat preference varies based upon the season. up near the natural habitats of musk deer and the fact that the animals to be farmed were captured from the wild meant that the farming costs were very low. sub-alpine scrub zone and Himalayan moist forest temperate forest zone. Himalayan musk deer are most active between dusk and dawn, alternately resting and feeding throughout this period. Neighbouring individuals may utilize common latrines, an activity with becomes more frequent during the mating season. When the cold weather arrives, the oxen move to higher ground so they can avoid deeper snows. Possible 60 musk deer survive in Dachigam National Park with a density of 0.42 individuals per sq. HIMALAYAN MUSK DEER/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus DESCRIPTION: A Himalayan Musk Deer can be differentiated from the Alpine Musk Deer in having dark legs and chest with no chest stripe. The underparts are paler, giving it the alternate name of White-bellied Musk Deer. 91, NO. However, the genetic information of Siberian musk deer … It may surprise you to learn there are species of deer that also live in the mountains and in the tropical rainforests. Status of captive Himalayan forest Himalayan musk deer Moschus chrysogaster in India. Deer are able to live in a wide spectrum of habitat out there. Musk has been one of the oldest raw materials used in perfumery and traditional medicine in Asia, representing one of the most valuable scented animal products, even more expensive than Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss. The potential of the model has been utilized in finding the density of musk deer. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. Threats: The habitat of hispid hares is highly fragmented due to increasing agriculture, flood control, and human development. This demands comes at a huge cost to the ecology. Worldwide, the population size of Siberian musk deer is threatened by severe illegal poaching for commercially valuable musk and meat, habitat losses, and forest fire. The natural conditions have proved conducive to their breeding in captiv- ity, says the deputy ranger in-charge. Only males produce the musk. Finding of the Musk deer in the natural habitat is challenging. RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 698 CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. Habitat of the Musk Ox. Forest musk deer habitat in DNNR 3.1 About forest musk deer Musk deer (Moschus spp.) 5, 10 SEPTEMBER 2006 Table 2. are shy, solitary animals famous for the musk secreted by the adult male. Another factor contributing to the decline in the population of musk deer is the destruction of their natural habitats due to human activities. The Siberian musk deer is a species of small, stocky musk deer living in the forested mountainous regions of Northeast Asia. The spatial distribution of musk deer reflected the musk deer habitats mostly spread through the Picea smithiana and blue pine forest and some habitats close to the alpine scrub nearby to the rocky cliffs. population of Musk deer in MNP was estimated as 64 individuals. Some of them live on the plains, others in the tundra. Wild musk deer live in a seasonal environment and enter estrus seasonally (Sheng, 1998). This is the reason for the immense attention towards the musk deer. Indian Musk deer is a small sized deer covered with dark brown colored coat. More nature reserves for musk deer should be established to protect a greater proportion of musk deer habitat and of the population. are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China.In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and population of wild musk deer have declined. We have created conditions compatible to the natural habitat of the musk deer. During the survey, Musk deer were observed in two ecological zones/habitat typesin the park , i.e. Introduction. “We had part- ly succeeded in extracting the valuable musk from the gland of the musk deer in 1989. Threat: poaching & illegal trade for its musk. International Zoo Yearbook, 32: 32–38. 1 * DEGUANG LIU, 2 JINCHAO FENG, 1 * DEGUANG LIU 2! Forests of Asia the Arctic Tundra, and human development of wild musk deer were observed in two ecological typesin! 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